Missing wood or untrimmed bark along the edge or corner of the piece.


A defect in lumber characterized by a bending in one or more directions.

Wash Coat

Typically uses as the first coat of a finish. The wash coat is used to change the appearance or porosity of a surface.


wood that will be removed in the finished work, often retained during working as a handle.


quickly removing wood during carving, usually with an adze, knife, or rasp.


The dimension of a board measured from edge to edge across the face.

Wood movement

The tendency of wood to swell or shrink with changes in humidity and temperature.

Working Life (Pot Life)

The amount of time after mixing that a glue or paint remains usable. Often used when referring to two-part epoxy and polyester glues.


Holes and channels cut in wood by insects.